This page describes how professional nurses in hospitals or medical centers collects urine specimen from adults and children of different genders.
METHOD USED IN COLLECTING URINE SPECIMEN FROM AN ADULT.
– Instruct client that specimen or urine is required, and ask her not to pass stool at the same time.
– Screen the bed
– Remove bedpan sterilizer (if available) cover it with lid
– Cover the bedpan with cloth and take to the client
– Assist her on to the bedpan
– Make client comfortable
– Remove screens
– Take bedpan to the sluice room
– Pour the specimen directly from bedpan into the specimen container
– The urine may be poured into a jug and then into the labeled specimen bottle.
When urine specimen is required from a male client a sterilized urinal is used instead of a bedpan.
NOTE: Do not place toilet tissue in the bedpan when a specimen is required.
COLLECTION OF URINE SPECIMEN FROM A BABY BOY
– Fix a test tube/bag to the penis with adhesive tape
– Hold it in position by attaching it to the thigh with adhesive tape
– When the baby passes urine remove the adhesive tape and the test tube and transfer into specimen bottle.
– Label correctly and send to the laboratory with appropriate request form.
COLLECTION OF SPECIMEN OF URINE FROM A BABY GIRL
– Observed the usual time of voiding e.g. after feed, and place her on a small bedpan to obtain urine specimen
– Insert a piece of sterile cotton wool over the vulva and cover it with a jaconet and a napkin. When the baby has voided, use two pairs of forceps to remove the cotton wool.
– Wring urine out of it into the specimen bottle label and send to the laboratory with correct request form.
– Disposable plastic bag with an adhesive attachment may be used to collect the urine specimen from infants too ill or too small to cooperate.
– Remove the protective covering of the adhesive square
– Apply the area over the vulva with the small opening in it directly opposite the urethra
– Urine will then pass from urethra into the collecting bag
– Detach the bag and pour the specimen into urine specimen container for testing in the ward, OR
– Label and send to the laboratory with appropriate request form if it is for laboratory examination.