Methods Used By Nurses in Collecting Urine Specimens

This page describes how professional nurses in hospitals or medical centers collects urine specimen from adults and children of different genders.

METHOD USED IN COLLECTING URINE SPECIMEN FROM AN ADULT.

–     Instruct client that specimen or urine is required, and ask her not to pass stool at the same time.

–     Screen the bed

–     Remove bedpan sterilizer (if available) cover it with lid

–     Cover the bedpan with cloth and take to the client

–     Assist her on to the bedpan

–     Make client comfortable

–     Remove screens

–     Take bedpan to the sluice room

–     Pour the specimen directly from bedpan into the specimen container

–     The urine may be poured into a jug and then into the labeled specimen bottle.

When urine specimen is required from a male client a sterilized urinal is used instead of a bedpan.

NOTE:    Do not place toilet tissue in the bedpan when a specimen is required.

COLLECTION OF URINE SPECIMEN FROM A BABY BOY

–     Fix a test tube/bag to the penis with adhesive tape

–     Hold it in position by attaching it to the thigh with adhesive tape

–     When the baby passes urine remove the adhesive tape and the test tube and transfer into specimen bottle.

–     Label correctly and send to the laboratory with appropriate request form.

 

COLLECTION OF SPECIMEN OF URINE FROM A BABY GIRL

–     Observed the usual time of voiding e.g. after feed, and place her on a small bedpan to obtain urine specimen

–     Insert a piece of sterile cotton wool over the vulva and cover it with a jaconet and a napkin.  When the baby has voided, use two pairs of forceps to remove the cotton wool.

–     Wring urine out of it into the specimen bottle label and send to the laboratory with correct request form.

–     Disposable plastic bag with an adhesive attachment may be used to collect the urine specimen from infants too ill or too small to cooperate.

–     Remove the protective covering of the adhesive square

–     Apply the area over the vulva with the small opening in it directly opposite the urethra

–     Urine will then pass from urethra into the collecting bag

–     Detach the bag and pour the specimen into urine specimen container for testing in the ward, OR

–     Label and send to the laboratory with appropriate request form if it is for laboratory examination.

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