PREPARATION OF INJECTIONS BY NURSES:
Giving of injections to patients in the hospitals or other medical facilities still remains the sole responsibility of the nurses and also the doctors; the nurse is well trained in administration of injections and medication to ensure safety and promotion of healing.
This are the methods or skills nurses can easily employ to render these services. Student nurses can also learn this steps to improve their skills.
- METHOD: PREPARING AN INJECTION FROM THE AMPOULE
They can simply wash their hands first for better hygiene.
Prepare for the administration of the drug.
Select the correct needle and syringe for the type of administration.
Attach the hub of the needle to the tip of the syringe
Without touching the shaft of the needle.
Select the correct ampoule.
Place all the fluid in the base of the ampoule by flickering finger tip against the tip of the ample or tightly grasping the base of the ample and rapidly shaking downward once.
Hold a dry antiseptic swab or 2 x 2 gauze pad at the top of the ampoule with one hand, and hold the base with the other.
Break open the ampoule by bending its neck away from you.
Remove the cap from the needle.
Insert the needle into the ampoule so that the level is in the fluid.
Pull back on the plunger, and withdraw the correct volume of solution.
Examine the barrel of the syringe to determine if any air bubbles are present. If so, gently expel the bubbles and withdraw any further solution necessary to correct the volume.
Examine the barrel of the syringe to confirm that the correct volume is present. Correct as necessary.
Place the cap on the needle.
- STEPS TAKING ON COLLECTING OF INJECTION FROM A VIAL
– Select then collect the vial of medication
– Determine the volume of solution and the required dose of medication.
– Remove the protective cap from the vial, if present
– Cleanse the rubber stopper of the vial with the antiseptic swab
– Remove the cap from the needle
– Pull the plunger on the syringe back to the same volume as the required dose of medication
– Insert the needle through the rubber stopper
– Inject the air from the syringe into the vial
– Place the bevel of the needle under the fluid level in the vial
– Withdraw the exact amount of solution into the syringe
– Withdraw the needle from the vial
– Examine the barrel of the syringe to determine if any air bubbles are present. If so, gently expel the bubbles or reject steps 11 through 15 and withdraw any further solution necessary to correct the volume
– Examine the barrel of the syringe to confirm that the correct
– Volume is present. Correct as necessary
– Replace cap on the needle.