LIFTING A PATIENT
Nurses in medical facilities or hospitals can use the following methods to effectively lift a hospitalized patient from the bed or chair as the case may be.
Either method can be used
Two nurses stand one on either side of bed with feet astride. They place their arms beneath the patient, linking hands behind the patient’s back as low down as possible, and beneath the thighs as high up as possible. The patient is asked to flex his head on his chest, hold his arms and keep his legs straight. Both nurses then lift the patient to the desired position.
Two nurses stand one on either side of the bed, facing one another but also towards the head of the bed with the feet apart and one leg against the bed rail.
The arm nearer the foot of the bed is the lifting arm; the other is used as a lever. The lifting arms are passed under the patient’s thighs, feet. One nurse grasps the other’s wrist; preferably the right should grasp the left. The patient is asked to keep her legs straight and to pass her arms first over and then under the nurses’ lifting arms.
She should then clasp her hands over the abdominal wall as a support.
If the patient cannot understand, the nurses can use the free arms to guide the patient in position.
These movements will have directed the shoulders of the lifting arms into the patient’s axial, and the nurses will be facing the head of the bed. The knee and hip joint will be bent. The lifting arms are adjusted if necessary and the free arms are placed flat on the bed surface at the side but behind the patient.
The actual lift is now carried out by the nurses straightening knee and hip joints. This raises the nurse’s trunks and therefore the lifting arms will form a sling. The powerful muscles of the leg, thigh, buttocks and lumbar spine are really responsible for the lift, the less powerful muscles of the arm and upper part of the truck merely assist.